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Dandruff is a very common concern and nearly 50% of people face this problem at some point in their life. Dandruff affects the scalp and hair badly, not to mention the irritation it causes. It is actually considered normal to have dandruff issues and there are shampoos that treat the glitch quite effectively.
These dandruff shampoos are a formula that is prepared to keep your scalp clean and prevent the flakes. Not all dandruff shampoos are fit for all so you have to choose the right one for yourself. Following is a detailed guide about what are dandruff shampoos, how do they work and how you could the one that suits you best.
What Are Dandruff Shampoos?
Dandruff is an issue which not only adults face but children are also affected by it widely. Dandruff shampoos use ingredients that help treat the problem. These are medicated formulas that keep your scalp free from all such issues. So there is no need to ruin a perfect hair day with the flakes falling from your hair.
These shampoos will not only protect your scalp from the itchiness and irritation but also strengthen your hair and give them a shiny bright look. There are multiple benefits you can achieve from the anti-dandruff shampoos. Here you can learn about the 5 benefits of anti-dandruff shampoos and how these formulas can make a positive impact on your hair.
Causes and Symptoms of Dandruff
Dryness is usually considered a cause of dandruff. It is to an extent correct but this is not the only reason. As a matter of fact, oily scalp is more prone to dandruff. The real reason behind dandruff is Malassezia Globosa.
Malassezia Globosa is a fungus that is yeast-like. When this fungus build-up on your scalp, it causes dandruff. This fungus feeds on the sebum on your scalp and leaves oleic acid as a by-product. Oleic acid fastens the process of skin cell renewal and hence piles up a lot of dead skin which then becomes flakes.
Regular shampoos can remove some of the flakes that appear on your scalp but they are more likely to worsen the condition. They remove the oils on your scalp which then results in the overproduction of oils and providing more serum for the fungus to feed on.
Falling flakes are not the only symptom of dandruff. It actually is a result of you scratching your scalp very often. There are other symptoms that you should notice and treat dandruff prior to it reaching severe conditions. Following are symptoms of dandruff
- Scaly and dry scalp
- Itchy scalp
- Irritated and inflamed scalp
Here you can learn more about the dandruff causes and its symptoms.
How Do Anti-Dandruff Shampoos Work?
Dandruff shampoos are prepared with special ingredients that treat the itchy scalp and prevent the flakes from appearing. These shampoos help restore the health of the scalp and rid your scalp of the impurities that causes dandruff. These shampoos kill the bacteria that might cause irritation.
Also, they are capable of controlling oil production on the scalp that in turn helps control the yeast-like fungi. Other ingredients present in the shampoo helps control the rate of renewal of cells. Some shampoos are capable of drying out the skin so you should always consider the right type of shampoo that suits your hair type.
Here is a list of some best hypo allergic shampoos you can choose from.
Ingredients That Help Fight Dandruff
The following are the ingredients of anti-dandruff shampoo that help fight dandruff and restore the healthy scalp.
- Tea Tree Oil
- Castor Oil
- Coal Tar
- Salicylic Acid
- Zinc Pyrithione
- Selenium Sulfide
Oil is a special ingredient that is present in the anti-dandruff shampoos. Oils retain the scalp from getting dry and hence flaky. Coconut oil shampoos are available in the market that serves the purpose well if you have a dry scalp. Here is a list of best coconut oil shampoos available in the market.
How to Choose Dandruff Shampoo That Suits You Best
There are certain things you should be considering while buying a dandruff shampoo.
All anti-dandruff shampoos are not the same. Some are made for dry skin while others are a good choice for the oily scalps. So always consider your hair type and choose the anti-dandruff shampoo accordingly.
Check the ingredients and go for the ones that are effective in the treatment. Zinc pyrithione is one of the ingredients that help in reducing the rate of cell growth on the epidermis of the scalp. Ketoconazole is another ingredient you should keep an eye for.
Price is another factor that limits up to the choices you have. You have to go for the best antidandruff shampoo available at an affordable price.
Proper Way of Using a Dandruff Shampoo
How you use dandruff shampoo is the most vital thing. Properly washing your hair with an anti-dandruff shampoo will result in a healthy scalp and shiny hair.
The general steps you should follow are as follows:
- Wet the scalp and hair thoroughly.
- Take up enough amount of anti-dandruff shampoo that it covers your scalp easily.
- Massage onto wet hair and scalp gently. Pay special attention to the scalp and use your fingers to get it through. Massage for one minute
- Leave the shampoo for another 3-5 minutes as this will allow the active ingredients to work and positively affect your scalp.
- Rinse with cold or lukewarm water. (Don’t use hot water as that makes your scalp drier).
- Keep using the anti-dandruff shampoo every day till the dandruff is treated and the irritation is gone.
- You can shift to your normal shampoos once the dandruff is gone but it is better to use the anti-dandruff shampoo once a week to prevent dandruff from returning.
Dandruff can be a real pain and hence getting rid of it can be your priority. Here are some quick tips to help you get rid of dandruff easily and effectively.
This article was last updated on February 24, 2021 .